Thailand may soon become the next Southeast Asian nation to embrace tobacco harm reduction as a national policy at pace with the Philippines which is on the verge of enacting a law that regulates e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products and other less harmful alternatives to combustible cigarettes.
Thailand’s possible regulatory shift comes on the heels of the Philippine Congress’ approval of the Vaporized Nicotine Products Bill or Vape Bill which only awaits the President Rodrigo Duterte’s signature to become a law.
“We expect more Southeast Asian countries to follow the lead of the Philippines and Thailand in welcoming tobacco harm reduction as the most effective public health strategy to address the smoking problem,” said Clarisse Virgino, the Philippine representative to the Coalition of Asia Pacific Tobacco Harm Reduction Advocates (CAPHRA).
Nicotine Consumers Union of the Philippines (NCUP) president Anton Israel said more and more countries now realize that the best way to reduce the harm from smoking is to provide consumers with better alternatives such as electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products.
“Asian consumers deserve the same access to smoke-free cigarette alternatives as what consumers in the US and Europe get. We hope that more Southeast Asian nations will adopt the more pragmatic and scientific approach to reduce the harm from smoking,” said Israel.
Joey Dulay, president of Philippine E-cigarette Industry Association (PECIA), said proper and fair regulation will enable the vaping industry meet government standards and thus avoid an underground market that does not contribute revenues to the government.
“We hope that Thailand and other nations in ASEAN will also pass their own versions of the Vape Bill which was overwhelmingly approved by lawmakers in the Philippines. This is to ensure that all nicotine delivery systems are properly regulated,” said Dulay.
A draft legislation to legalize e-cigarettes is now at a sub-committee of Thailand’s Parliament, and several top officials of Thailand, including Digital Economy and Society Minister Chaiwut Thanakamanusorn, expressed support for the legalization.
Chaiwut said his ministry supports the use of new technology and that a ban on imports and sales of e-cigarettes would only push these new products towards the black market. On the other hand, allowing e-cigarettes to be sold legally would generate more taxes for the Thai government and set industry standards, he said.
Any control on e-cigarettes should be based on scientific evidence and actual facts about their impact on smokers’ health, he said, while describing vaping as a “safer option” for people who are unable to quit smoking.
Chaiwut said the National Tobacco Control Board made a “wrongful resolution” as it failed to take into account opinions of the stakeholders and academic data. “A complete ban on e-cigarettes is not the best solution for the country in the present social context,” he said.
Scientific research in 70 developed countries including the United States, the United Kingdom and other European countries showed that e-cigarettes are a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes and, in each case, their sale is even supported by the government, he said.
Chaiwut said people should get unbiased information about e-cigarettes that they can use in making decisions about consuming tobacco. “More importantly, young people should be educated that these products are not for them,” he said.
Chaiwut said that based on data from the National Statistical Bureau, Thailand had over 10 million smokers in 2021, with 52 percent of them not thinking about quitting.
“Smoking continues to kill about 50,000 Thai people each and every year. Too many smokers have been stuck with cigarettes or are forced onto the black market for vapes where there’s no control over the purchase age or product safety standards. An effective Public Health Minister would not accept this dire situation, let alone support it,” said Asa Saligupta, director of ENDS Cigarette Smoke Thailand (ECST).
Asa said that with draft legislation now before a sub-committee, he is confident that the Vaping bill will be passed by Thailand’s Parliament this year.
In the Philippines, the Senate and the House of Representatives earlier approved the Vape Bill to make sure that smoke-free products comply with standards and regulations promulgated by the government.
Once enacted into law, the Vape Bill will help almost 17 million Filipino adult smokers to kick the deadly smoking habit for good.