UNICEF, Save the Children raise concern over 1.2 billion children affected by COVID-19

The number of children living in multidimensional poverty has soared to approximately 1.2 billion due to the COVID-19 pandemic based on a new analysis by UNICEF and Save the Children which was published on Friday.


The report said this is a 15 per cent increase in the number of children living in deprivation in low and middle income countries, or an additional 150 million children since the pandemic hit earlier this year.

The multidimensional poverty analysis uses data on access to education, healthcare, housing, nutrition, sanitation, and water from more than 70 countries. It highlights that around 45 per cent of children were severely deprived of at least one of these critical needs in the countries analyzed before the pandemic.

Although the analysis paints a dire picture, UNICEF warns that the situation will likely worsen in the months to come. 

Save the Children and UNICEF are committed to continue to monitor this evolving situation and work with governments and civil society to confront it.

“COVID-19 and the lockdown measures imposed to prevent its spread have pushed millions of children deeper into poverty,” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. She noted that families on the “cusp of escaping poverty have been pulled back in, while others are experiencing levels of deprivation they have never seen before most concerningly, we are closer to the beginning of this crisis than its end.”

The report also noted that child poverty is “much more than a monetary value” and while measures of monetary poverty such as household income are important, “they provide only a partial view of the plight of children living in poverty.”

To understand the full extent of child poverty, all potential deprivations need to be analyzed directly. “This also points to the need to implement multi-sectoral policies addressing health, education, nutrition, water and sanitation, and housing deprivations to end multidimensional poverty,” the report said.

The analysis cited that social protection, inclusive fiscal policies, investments in social services, and employment and labor market interventions to support families are “critical to lifting children out of poverty and preventing further devastation.”

This includes expanding access to quality health care and providing the tools and technology needed for children to continue their education remotely; and investing in family-friendly policies such as paid leave and child care.

For Save the Children Chief Executive Officer Inger Ashing, the COVID-19 pandemic has already caused the biggest global education emergency in history, and the increase in poverty will make it very hard for the most vulnerable children and their families to make up for the loss.

“Children who lose out on education are more likely to be forced into child labour or early marriage and be trapped in a cycle of poverty for years to come,” Ashing said. “We cannot afford to let a whole generation of children become victims of this pandemic, national governments and the international community must step up to soften the blow,” she added.

Meanwhile, Fore noted that governments must prioritize the most marginalized children and their families through rapid expansion of social protection systems including cash transfers and child benefits, remote learning opportunities, healthcare services, and school feeding.

“We must act now to prevent additional children from being deprived of basic life needs like school, medicine, food, water and shelter,” Fore said. “Making these critical investments now can help countries to prepare for future shocks,” she added.