WASHINGTON, United States — The United States staved off a credit default Thursday that would have sent the global economy into a tailspin as Washington’s warring political factions agreed to a stop-gap fix to raise the nation’s debt limit.
Chuck Schumer, who leads the Democrats in the Senate, announced the breakthrough after fractious negotiations in Congress going into the early hours of the morning.
”We have reached agreement to extend the debt ceiling through early December, and it’s our hope that we can get this done as soon as today,” Schumer said.
With the threat of a default just 11 days off, Republican Senate Minority leader Mitch McConnell offered the deal as his party was set to vote against House-passed Democratic plans for a hike in the nation’s borrowing cap of more than a year.
Rather than solving the crisis, the new arrangement kicks the can down the road to coincide with another major funding deadline — a shutdown that would kick in from December 3 when the government’s coffers theoretically run out, closing federal services and properties and paralyzing much of Washington and beyond.
The Senate took an initial procedural vote which was a key step to sealing the deal, with a final green light expected later Thursday. If that hurdle is cleared, the House is expected to rubber-stamp the bill and send it to President Joe Biden’s desk around the middle of next week.
Democrats will use the brief lull in hostilities to work on their multi-trillion dollar social spending package, the cornerstone of Biden’s economic agenda.
McConnell is hoping to use Biden’s sweeping proposals to campaign against ”reckless” Democratic spending and will bank on the prolonged debt uncertainty counting in Republicans’ favor ahead of next year’s midterm elections.
”Republican and Democratic members and staff negotiated through the night in good faith,” McConnell said.
”The Senate is moving toward the plan I laid out yesterday to spare the American people a manufactured crisis.”
The lifting of the Republican blockade ends for now an impasse that risked leaving the federal government incapable of securing and servicing loans after October 18.
The United States spends more money than it collects through taxation so it borrows money via the issuing of government bonds seen as among the world’s most reliable investments.
Around 80 years ago lawmakers introduced a limit on how much federal debt could be accrued. The ceiling has been lifted dozens of times to allow the government to meet its spending commitments usually without drama and with the support of both parties.
Even the threat of a default can spook financial markets and damage the economy. A first-ever actual default would have been felt around the globe.
But Republicans are objecting this time around in protest to Biden’s social spending package, which is likely to have a final ticket price in excess of $1.5 trillion.
It isn’t legal however to raise the debt limit to cover future spending; it could only pay for past obligations and much of the $28 trillion national debt was accrued with Republican support. McConnell had been insisting since July that Democrats suspend the debt limit with no Republican help, through a laborious and partisan process known as budget reconciliation.
But he reportedly became skittish over Democratic calls Wednesday to solve the issue via the ”nuclear option” of modifying the filibuster — which normally requires 60 votes to pass legislation.
The legislative Band-Aid agreed Thursday buys the Democrats who control the White House and both chambers of Congress time to pass a longer term debt limit extension, although they are still refusing to pursue reconciliation.
They say the process would be too complex and risky. And since it requires no help from Republicans, they worry that they will be forced to carry the political stigma of the $28 trillion-and-rising federal debt alone.
But the olive branch has left some senators on both sides of the aisle — and high-profile observers from near and far — unsatisfied.
Across Washington’s National Mall, the White House noted that it represented a deferment rather than a solution.
”Two months of continuing to argue about this does not resolve uncertainty,” Jared Bernstein, of Biden’s Council of Economic Advisers, told CNN.
The White House said Biden ”looks forward to signing legislation” but only after voicing its frustration with Congress on Wednesday, when press secretary Jen Psaki complained that the details presented ”more complicated, more difficult options” than a straightforward longer-term solution would have. Former president Donald Trump issued a statement from his home in Florida endorsing the Democratic interpretation of developments as a tactical retreat by the Republicans.
”Republican senators, do not vote for this terrible deal being pushed by folding Mitch McConnell. Stand strong for our country,” he said.