More than 13M Filipinos still jobless as of June 2021 — SWS

Published September 8, 2021, 12:28 PM

by Jaleen Ramos

The number of adult Filipinos who remain jobless slightly increased to 13.5 million in June 2021, according to the latest survey conducted by the Social Weather Stations (SWS).


In the latest figure, the adult joblessness rate according to their June 23 to June 26 surveys was at 27.6 percent of the labor force. This is 1.8 percent higher to the May figures of 25.8 percent or 12.7 million found unemployed in November 2020.

This is also 10.1 percent higher than the joblessness rate before the health crisis took place which was only at 17.5 percent last December 2019.

SWS said that the figure consisted of those who voluntarily left their old jobs, those seeking jobs for the first time, or those lost their jobs “due to economic circumstances beyond their control.” The poll body also noted that the unemployment rate in the country reached a record-high of 45.5 percent in July 2020 amid the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

“Joblessness reached a catastrophic level of 45.5 percent in July 2020. It eased to 39.5 percent in September 2020, 27.3 percent in November 2020, and 25.8 percent in May 2021 before rising to 27.6 percent in June 2021,” it said.

The higher joblessness rate was due to increases in Metro Manila and Luzon, combined with decreases in Visayas and Mindanao, SWS said.

Joblessness rose by 10 points in Metro Manila, and seven points in Luzon. However, these were negated by the eight-point and four-point decreases in Visayas and Mindanao, respectively.

“Joblessness rose in Metro Manila from 30.8 percent in May 2021 to 40.9 percent in June 2021. It also rose in Balance Luzon, from 24.2 percent in May 2021 to 30.9 percent in June 2021,” SWS noted.

“However, it fell in the Visayas, from 28.7 percent in May 2021 to 21.3 percent in June 2021. It also fell in Mindanao, from 23.0 percent in May 2021 to 19.2 percent in June 2021,” it added.

The nationwide survey also found that the number of unemployed women rose, from 29.0 percent to 38.3 percent, while unemployment rate among men declined, from 23.6 percent to 19.8 percent.

“This brings the women-men joblessness gap to 18 points, up from five points in May 2021,” SWS said.

Meanwhile, the rate of unemployment among the 18-to-24-year-olds fell, from 55.5 percent to 49.3 percent.

The survey showed that it rose among the 25-to-34-year-olds, from 24.6 percent to 31.0 percent, as well those among 45 years old and above, from 18.2 percent. However, the 35-to-44-year-olds saw a slight decrease, from 25.6 percent in May to 23.8 percent in June.

“As in past surveys, the joblessness rate remains highest among the 18-24-year-olds among all age groups,” SWS said.

SWS also found that unemployment rate rose slightly in urban areas, from 28.0 percent in May 2021 to 30.7 percent in June 2021, as well as in urban areas, from 23.3 percent to 25.3 percent during the same period.

According to SWS, the survey was conducted using face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults, subdivided into 300 each in Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.

The poll body said sampling error margins are ±3 percent for national percentages and ±6 percent for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.