As an archipelago with 7,641 islands, the Philippines is mostly surrounded by water. Those residing in coastal areas make a livelihood from marine fishing. But over the years, there have been concerning issues such as the degradation of marine resources and the need for fisherfolk to be better represented.
To address these, the government passed an executive order that talks about the creation of a Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Council (FARMC) in 1995. Under E.O. no. 240, the management and control over fisheries and aquatic resources shall be done by the government through active and extensive participation of people directly affected.
Put simply, FAMRCs are meant to empower major stakeholders in the coastal community, especially the fisherfolk, to give them opportunities to participate in managing fisheries, bringing them closer to development initiatives.
For the first virtual FARMC Congress, stakeholders from government agencies to local organizations to small-scale fisherfolk gathered online to discuss the current performance of FARMCs and what steps can be taken to improve their efficiency.
One approach to measuring the performance of FARMCs was through a survey.
According to Dennis Calvan, the senior manager of Rare Pangingisda Natin Gawing Tama (PaNaGaT) network, the survey was conducted among partner local government units (LGUs) of PaNaGat and other government organizations, with a total of 46 respondents.
“Nakita namin, batay sa survey, na majority ng mga na NFARMCs (National Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Council) at mga Municipal Agricultural Office, ay nagagampanan ng mga FARMCs ang kanilang mandato,” Calvan said. (We saw, according to the survey, that majority of the NFARMCs and Municipal Agricultural Offices saw that FARMCs are doing what they’re mandated to do.)
Calvan also congratulated the FARMCs for being able to act out their functions and protect local marine resources while also involving fisherfolks in any developments.
The other factors that contributed to the success of the FARMCs include getting support from national government agencies like the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DA-BFAR) and LGUs, along with the proper coordination between and among FARMCs and regulatory institutions.
“Nabanggit din sa survey na maraming FARMCs at Municipal Agricultural Offices ang nagsasabi na malaki ang naging papel ng mga integrated FARMCs. Hindi lang sa paglalatag ng mga issues para sa mangingisda, kung’di malaki ang papel ng integrated FARMCs para magkaroon ng communication and coordination between and among FARMCs,” Calvan said. (It was also mentioned in the survey that many FARMCs and Municipal Agricultural Offices are saying that integrated FARMCs play an important role. It’s not just raising awareness about issues for fisherfolk, but the role of integrated FARMCs includes creating communication and coordination between and among FARMCs.)
Recommendations for stronger FARMCs
But despite these positive results, there are still some major issues found among M/CFARMCs (municipal or city FARMCs) that need to be raised to NFARMCs (national FARMCs).
These include illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing in municipal waters, fish stock depletion, and incapacities of M/CFARMC members.
Calvan offered some recommendations from the survey on how these issues could be addressed.
Examples are strengthening the policing of marine areas, establishing and managing marine protected areas, fish sanctuaries, and managed areas and reserves, implementing harvest control measures, providing training for M/CFARMCs, and allocating a budget for M/CFARMCs.
Over the years, FARMCs have helped local fisherfolk become more involved in the development of the fishing industry. These also protect and conserve marine wildlife from illegal fishing and farming. If given more attention and improvement, FARMCs could play an even bigger role in empowering fisherfolk and other stakeholders, as well as preserving our marine resources for future generations to enjoy and benefit from.