The Philippines’ agricultural production fell by 3.3 percent in the first three months of 2021, a bigger decline compared with a 1.7-percent drop during the same period last year.
This was due to lower outputs recorded in poultry and livestock, which was badly hit by African Swine Fever (ASF), according to Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).
PSA data released today, May 10, showed agricultural production of all farm sub-sectors declined, except crops and fisheries.
Despite lower production volume, the first quarter agricultural production at current prices was valued at P 484.8 billion, 8.2 percent higher than the previous year’s level.
Crop production, which shared 58.8 percent of the total agricultural production, went up by 3.3 percent. Increases in production were registered for palay at 8.6 percent and corn at 6.5 percent.
At current prices, the value of crop production amounted to P267.0 billion, up by 7.2 percent this quarter.
Livestock, on the other hand, posted a -23.2 percent decrease in production amid the prevalence of ASF. It accounted for 14.2 percent of the total agricultural production.
Two-digit declines in production were registered for hogs at -25.8 percent and cattle at -10.2 percent. Contractions in production were also posted for carabao by -7.4 percent, goat by -6.7 percent, and dairy by -1.5 percent.
At current prices, the value of livestock production which amounted to P82.1 billion was 10.8 percent higher than the previous year’s level.
Poultry production also dropped by -7.4 percent. It contributed 13.3 percent to the total agricultural production in the first quarter of 2021.
Duck and chicken recorded reductions in production by -11.6 percent and -11.2 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, growths in production were registered for chicken eggs by 3.0 percent and duck eggs by 0.7 percent.
At current prices, the value of poultry production at P69.1 billion indicated a 10.6 percent expansion compared to the previous year’s record.
Fisheries production, which shared 13.7 percent in the total agricultural production, inched up by 0.6 percent this quarter.
Double-digit increases in production were noted for mudcrab (alimango) by 20.2 percent, skipjack (gulyasan) by 19.0 percent, and slipmouth (sapsap) by 15.7 percent.
On the other hand, reductions in production were registered for fimbriated sardines (tunsoy) by -37.5 percent, threadfin bream (bisugo) by -18.7 percent, yellowfin tuna (tambakol/bariles) by -17.6 percent, grouper (lapu-lapu) by -13.0 percent, and frigate tuna (tulingan) by -7.3 percent.
Declines in production were also recorded for roundscad (galunggong), squid (pusit), seaweed, Indian mackerel (alumahan), bigeye tuna (tambakol/bariles), and blue crab (alimasag).
At current prices, the value of fisheries production amounted to P66.6 billion represented a 6.4 percent increase this quarter.
Last year, the country’s total farm output went down by 1.2 percent in 2020, from a growth of 0.7 percent in 2019, after crops, livestock, poultry, and fisheries all recorded lower production, earlier data from PSA showed.
In the fourth quarter of last year alone, production fell by 3.8 percent, which is higher compared to the level of the decline of 0.1 percent in agricultural production during the same period in 2019.