International Women’s Day

Published March 8, 2021, 9:00 AM

by Gabriela Baron

March 8 marks the celebration of International Women’s Day.


The celebration marks the struggle for female participation in politics and in the workforce – from the right to vote to the right to equal pay.

In 1909, the socialist party of the United States took to the streets to honor garment workers who had protested against inhumane working conditions.

In 1911, Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland celebrated the first International Women’s Day on March 19, with over a million people attending protests focused on suffrage, representation, education and women’s rights.

However, it wasn’t until March 9, 1975 when the United Nations recognized the day as an official holiday.

Since then, the day has been celebrated around the world to honor women and their contributions to the society.

In the Philippines, three issuances serve as legal bases for the annual campaign.

Proclamation No. 224 s. 1988 declares the first week of March each year as Women’s Week and March 8 as Women’s Rights and International Peace Day.

Proclamation No. 227 s. 1988 provides for the observance of the Month of March as Women’s Role in History Month.

Republic Act (RA) 6949 s. 1990 declares March 9 of every year as National Women’s Day.