The Netherlands has been hit by a second night of riots, as coronavirus curfew frustrations boiled over, even as President Joe Biden said herd immunity could be achieved this year.
With global infections fast approaching 100 million, any chance of such community-wide protection is heavily dependent on the rollout of innoculations.
But wrangles over distribution have emerged in recent days, with the European Union criticising a delay in AstraZeneca’s delivery of its shots, and Russia and China offering to step into the breach for less wealthy countries with their home-grown jabs.
Netherlands Prime Minister Mark Rutte told reporters the weekend’s street violence was “unacceptable. All normal people will regard this with horror”.
On Monday night, protesters rampaged again in several cities following the introduction of a coronavirus curfew over the weekend.
Riot police clashed with groups of demonstrators in Amsterdam and elsewhere, including the port city of Rotterdam, where people smashed shop windows, and police deployed a water cannon.
There was also unrest in Israel, where a bus was torched in one of many protests against virus restrictions in ultra-Orthodox districts, including Bnei Brak near Tel Aviv, and Mea Shearim in Jerusalem.
And in Australia, thousands defied coronavirus rules on Tuesday to protest against the country’s national day, held on the anniversary of British colonisation that its Indigenous population brands “Invasion Day”.
Officially recognised as Australia Day, January 26 sees annual rallies drawing attention to the injustices faced by Indigenous people.
– Herd immunity –
Away from anger on the streets, a note of optimism came from Biden, who said mass vaccinations would become available within months.
“I feel confident that by summer we’re going to be well on our way to heading toward herd immunity,” the leader of the world’s hardest-hit country said.
But further challenges could be on the way for the new president as health authorities in Minnesota confirmed the first US case of a Brazilian variant.
Europe was dealing with a blow to its vaccination campaign, after British-Swedish drugs company AstraZeneca warned it would not be able to meet promised targets on EU shipments — a week after US group Pfizer said it was also cutting delivery volumes.
European Health Commissioner Stella Kyriakides slammed the delay as unacceptable, vowing the body would “take any action required to protect its citizens and rights”.
Orders for Russia’s Sputnik V shot were gaining pace, with Mexico — where the coronavirus death toll has passed 150,000 — agreeing Monday to buy 24 million doses.
Developers claim the jab is more than 90 percent effective, although the vaccine was registered before large-scale clinical trials and has yet to be approved by Mexico’s health regulator.
And Ukraine — which could use jabs provided by UN scheme Covax, as well as China’s CoronaVac — announced it would “soon” obtain a million doses to kick off a vaccination campaign.
Thailand, which has escaped the worst ravages of the virus, will be producing its own supplies of the AstraZeneca vaccine, with Siam Bioscience having been granted the monopoly in the country.
The company, which is owned by the organisation that manages the Thai royal family’s multi-billion-dollar fortune, said it will make the jab under a “no profit, no loss” policy.
– 255 million jobs –
The World Health Organization warned that the vaccine divide between rich and poor nations was worsening by the day, insisting the failure to distribute doses fairly could cost the global economy trillions of dollars.
“Rich countries are rolling out vaccines, while the world’s least-developed countries watch and wait,” lamented WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The WHO said it needed $26 billion this year for its programme aimed at speeding up the development, procurement and equitable delivery of vaccines, treatments and tests to beat the coronavirus pandemic.
The United Nations sounded a reminder that the virus is also taking a huge toll on global jobs.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) said losses were equivalent to 255 million full-time jobs, or “approximately four times greater than the number lost during the 2009 global financial crisis”.