More than 5 million workers have been adversely affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic last year, data from the Department of Labor and Employment (DoLE) showed.
Based on the 2020 Job Displacement Report of the DoLE, 5.1 million workers have been adversely affected by the health crisis.
These workers were affected either due to retrenchment, permanent closures, temporary closures, and implementation of flexible work arrangements.
DoLE said a total of 428,701 workers were displaced nationwide from 26,060 establishments from January to December 2020.
Establishments that reduced workforce or 23,324 affected 386,135 workers while the establishments that permanently closed totaling 2, 736 affected 42,566 workers.
The National Capital Region had the most number of displaced workers with 210,157 followed by CALABARZON with 56,223; Central Visayas 42,485; Central Luzon 40,368; Western Visayas 11,554; Northern Mindanao 10,372; CAR 9,542; Davao Region 8,542; Caraga 7,316; Ilocos Region 6,416; Eastern Visayas 5,824; Soccsksargen 5,062; Cagayan Valley 4,971; Bicol Region 4,822; Mimaropa 3,432 and Zamboanga Peninsula 1,615.
Most of the displaced workers were under administrative and support or 80,803 and other services activities or 79,522.
A total of 2,398,654 employees were also adversely affected when 100,290 establishments resorted to temporary closure while 2,308,763 workers were affected when 62,857 companies implemented flexible work arrangements from March to December 2020.
Data from the Labor department also showed that majority of the establishments which adopted FWAs were small enterprises or 27,422.
A greater number of establishments under micro-enterprises on the other hand, implemented temporary closure or 54,381.
Retrenchment or reduction of workforce was mostly observed in small enterprises or 7,440 while there is a higher incidence of permanent closure in micro enterprises or 1,203.