By Agence France-Presse
Beijing has broadened its block of online encyclopedia Wikipedia to include all language editions, an internet censorship research group reported just weeks ahead of China's most politically explosive anniversary.
According to a report by the Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI), China started blocking all language editions of Wikipedia last month.
According to a report by OONI, China started blocking all language editions of Wikipedia in April (AFP / MANILA BULLETIN)
Previously, most editions of Wikipedia -- besides the Chinese language version, which was reportedly blocked in 2015 -- were available, OONI said in their report.
AFP could not open any of Wikipedia's versions in China on Wednesday.
"At the end of the day, the content that really matters is Chinese-language content," said Charlie Smith, the pseudonym of one of the co-founders of Greatfire.org, which tracks online censorship in China.
"Blocking access to all language versions of Wikipedia for internet users in China is just symbolic," he told AFP. "It symbolizes the fear that the Chinese authorities have of the truth."
Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit organization that operates Wikipedia, said it had not received any notices explaining the latest block.
According to the organization, Wikipedia has been blocked intermittently in China since 2004.
"With the expansion of this block, millions of readers and volunteer editors, writers, academics, and researchers within China cannot access this resource or share their knowledge and achievements with the world," Samantha Lien, communications manager at Wikimedia Foundation, told AFP over email.
"When one country, region, or culture cannot join the global conversation on Wikipedia, the entire world is poorer," she said.
China's online censorship apparatus -- dubbed the "Great Firewall" -- blocks a large number of foreign sites in the country, such as Google, Facebook and The New York Times.
Topics that are deemed too "sensitive" are also scrubbed, such as the 1989 crackdown on Tiananmen pro-democracy protesters which will mark its 30th anniversary on June 4.
The expanded block of Wikipedia comes as Chinese authorities under Chinese President Xi Jinping ramp up online controls and crack down on Great Firewall circumvention tools, such as virtual private network (VPN) software.
In November, China's cyberspace authority said it had "cleaned up" 9,800 accounts on Chinese social media platforms like messaging app WeChat and the Twitter-like Weibo that it accused of spreading "politically harmful" information and rumors.
Chinese Twitter users have also told AFP that they have experienced intimidation from local authorities -- and even detention -- for their tweets.
The latest move to block all versions of Wikipedia could be linked to online translation tools, which make it easy for Chinese users to read anything on Wikipedia, Smith said.
Images can also be considered taboo, he said.
"A picture is worth a thousand words, and there is no dearth of Tiananmen-related imagery on the Wikipedia website," Smith added.