Central American caravan gains speed, first migrants cross border

Published November 15, 2018, 9:57 AM

by AJ Siytangco

By Agence France-Presse

Hundreds of Central Americans arrived at the United States’s southern border Wednesday, defying visiting US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, as the rest of a migrant caravan followed behind them at an accelerated pace through Mexico.

Migrants have begun arriving in the Mexican border city of Tijuana in swelling numbers (AFP / Guillermo Arias / MANILA BULLETIN)
Migrants have begun arriving in the Mexican border city of Tijuana in swelling numbers
(AFP / Guillermo Arias / MANILA BULLETIN)

Large groups of migrants gathered on the beach in the northern city of Tijuana at the border fence that separates Mexico from California, climbing on top of it and even jumping down to the other side as US border patrol agents looked on — before quickly scrambling back to the Mexican side.

“We’re not criminals!” some of them shouted, in a pointed message to US President Donald Trump, who has deployed some 5,900 troops to the border as the caravan approaches.

At least eight migrants crossed into the US, and were promptly arrested by border patrol officers, an AFP correspondent said. Under a new executive order Trump issued last week, such migrants will not be allowed to apply for asylum, and face automatic deportation.

Troops ‘necessary’

Visiting the other end of the border — Base Camp Donna, in Texas — Mattis insisted the military deployment was “necessary” to support US Border Patrol, even as some in Trump’s own Republican party criticized the move as a stunt.

He said the military was helping border agents with a range of things, from ferrying them around by helicopter to putting up the razor-wire fencing that soldiers have been placing along the border.

There are now nearly 800 migrants from the original caravan in Tijuana, across the border from San Diego, California, after a new group of 350 arrived Wednesday morning.

Another 2,000 meanwhile traveled through the night on buses arranged by a Catholic priest, leaping rapidly into northern Mexico after an arduous, month-long trek across the south and center of the country.

The buses dropped them off in the town of Navojoa, in the northern state of Sonora, then returned to pick up a second group of 2,000 migrants who had stayed behind.

Navojoa sits about 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) from Tijuana, the spot where the migrants plan to cross the border, and more than 3,000 kilometers from the town where they began their journey on October 13: San Pedro Sula, Honduras.

But the caravan is moving far more quickly through the dangerous and sparsely populated north than it did through the south and center of the country, thanks to donated transport — sometimes from local authorities who would rather send the migrants on their way than host them in shelters.

“We want to arrive as soon as possible. We’ve been on the road for more than a month,” said Saul Rivera, 40, a construction worker from El Salvador.

More caravans coming

At the pace they are now traveling, the full caravan of some 5,000 migrants could be at the border by Friday.

Trump turned the caravan into a hot-button issue ahead of last week’s US midterm elections, claiming — without providing evidence — it included “hardened criminals” and “unknown Middle Easterners” who were about to “assault” the United States.

The migrants insist they are simply seeking a better future away from Central America’s “Northern Triangle” — El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, poor countries where gang violence has fueled some of the highest murder rates in the world.

At least two more caravans have formed behind the first, and are currently working their way up through Mexico.