Cordillera typhoid cases decreased

Published July 17, 2018, 2:37 PM

by Patrick Garcia

By Zaldy Comanda

BAGUIO CITY – The Department of Health–Cordillera reported typhoid or paratyphoid fever cases in the region decreased by 18 percent for the first semester of this year compared to the same period last year.

Department of Health (Manila Bulletin)
Department of Health (Manila Bulletin)

Some 720 cases were recorded for the first half of 2018 compared to the registered 874 cases during the same period last year.

The Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, said the typhoid cases were monitored by the different units distributed in the different parts of Cordillera to gather data on the prevailing potential diseases.

RESU nurse Anne Austria, said the data showed the typhoid or paratyphoid fever cases came from Benguet that registered 249 cases or 34.6 percent of the total number of cases. Kalinga posted 122 cases or 16.9 percent of the total recorded cases, Mountain Province – 95 or 13.2 percent: Apayao – 80 cases or 11.1 percent; Ifugao – 66 or 9.2 percent; Baguio City – 54 or 7.5 percent; Abra – 31 or 4.3 percent; and non-CAR provinces – 2 cases or 3.2 percent.

There were no typhoid-related deaths that were recorded for the first semester, compared to the single typhoid-related death that was reported during the same period last year, Austria said.

Of the total number of recorded typhoid cases, there were 369 females who were affected with the illness representing 51.3 percent of the total typhoid fever cases recorded and that the age range of all the affected individuals were from 13 days old to 98 years old with a median pegged at 23 years old.

Austria said clustering of typhoid fever cases was done by the agency in Apayao, Benguet and Mountain Province during the first semester of this year. Efforts were done by the concerned health authorities to control the situation in the said areas by providing medication among other prescribed interventions to prevent the possible occurrence of outbreaks in the said places.

Typhoid fever is a systematic bacterial disease with insidious onset of sustained fever, severe headache, malaise, anorexia, splenomegaly, nonproductive cough in the early stage of the illness, and constipation more often than diarrhea in adults. The infection is transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated feces, food, and water.

The DOH-CAR RESU continues to monitor typhoid cases in the region, especially in the places that reported clustering of cases, to ascertain the implementation of the needed intervention to the afflicted persons.