By Alexandria Dennise San Juan
One out of three Filipino families said they are no longer poor as they escaped poverty, the latest Social Weather Stations survey showed.
On the first quarter SWS survey on the family’s transitioning into and out of poverty, it was found that 30% of Filipino families escaped poverty with 18% said they are “usually non-poor” and 12% are “newly non-poor.”
Meanwhile, 12% or about one out of eight Filipino families fell into poverty as 6% said they are “usually poor” and 6% are “newly poor.”
Based on the result of the March 2018 survey, it showed that of the 58% self-rated non-poor families, 28% said they have never experienced poverty or “always non-poor”.
The survey also showed that the 30% who transitioned out of poverty consists of 18% who used to be poor for five or more years ago, classified by the SWS as “usually non-poor,” and 12% who used to be poor one to four years ago or the “newly non-poor.”
This latest survey’s result is two points lower than the record-high 14% “newly non-poor” recorded last December 2017.
The survey conducted on March 23 to 27 also found that of the 42% self-rated poor families, 29% have never experienced being non-poor or those “always poor.”
Om the other hand, the 12% who transitioned into poverty consists of 6% who used to be non-poor for five or more years ago or “usually poor,” and 6% who used to be non-poor one to four years ago or “newly poor,” similar to the 6% newly poor recorded in December 2017.
According to the SWS, since December 2014, it has been asking its self-rated poor respondents if they have ever experienced not being poor, and if so, when they most recently experienced it.
It also asked its self-rated non-poor (including borderline) respondents if they have ever experienced being poor, and if so, when they most recently experienced it.
The survey noted that when the question was first asked, nationwide self-rated poverty had been at 52 percent, wherein almost 3 out of 5 self-rated poor families, or 30% of families overall, said they had always been poor.
The survey also found that 2 out of 5 self-rated poor families, or 21% of families of overall, had experienced being non-poor in the past.
Of this 21 %, about half were newly poor. December 2014 was also the quarter with the highest rate of newly poor families at 10.7% according to SWS
Following this, the nationwide self-rated poverty was it its highest score in the past 3 years on December 2015 at 50 percent, which was also the quarter with the highest rate of families who were always poor 40 percent.
Since then, nationwide self-rated poverty was at its lowest score in the past 3 years on September 2016 at 42 percent, which was also the quarter with the highest rate of families who were always non-poor, and is the only quarter where the proportion of families who were always non-poor (30%) outnumbered those who were always poor (29%).
The March 2018 SWS survey was conducted through face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults nationwide: 300 each in Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.