US, China agree to keep pressure on North Korea

Published March 10, 2018, 10:00 PM

by Mario Casayuran and Vanne Elaine Terrazola

By  (AFP)

Washington – Donald Trump enlisted Friday the help of China’s Xi Jinping to keep sanctions pressure on North Korea, amid fears that an audacious diplomatic gambit by the US president could lead to backsliding.

In an evening tweet, Trump praised a possible future agreement with the communist North as ”very good” for the international community as a whole, after the US leader stunned the world by accepting an invitation to meet Kim Jong Un before the end of May.

HISTORIC MEETING – A South Korean soldier walks past a television screen showing pictures of US President Donald Trump (left) and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at a railway station in Seoul, Friday. (AFP)
HISTORIC MEETING – A South Korean soldier walks past a television screen showing pictures of US President Donald Trump (left) and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at a railway station in Seoul, Friday. (AFP)

”The deal with North Korea is very much in the making and will be, if completed, a very good one for the World. Time and place to be determined,” Trump wrote.

During a telephone conversation, Trump and the ever-more-powerful Chinese president committed to ”maintain pressure and sanctions until North Korea takes tangible steps toward complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization,” according to the White House.

As aides scrambled to catch up with Trump’s decision – taken before consulting key confidantes – the White House sent mixed messages about conditions.

”They’ve made promises to denuclearize, they’ve made promises to stop nuclear and missile testing,” White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said.

”We’re not going to have this meeting take place until we see concrete actions that match the words and the rhetoric of North Korea,” she told reporters.

Officials behind the scenes said this did not constitute a change of heart.

A day after the bombshell announcement that the US and North Korean leaders would meet, Vice President Mike Pence said the White House would keep ”maximum pressure” on Pyongyang and claimed US efforts to isolate Kim had been vindicated.

There has been limited reaction from Kim’s regime, but South Korean President Moon Jae-in said news of the summit – announced by his national security advisor on a visit to Washington – was ”like a miracle.”

For his part, Xi urged the two leaders to begin talks as ”soon as possible” and praised Trump’s ”positive aspiration.”

China has long been North Korea’s most important ally but has been on board with the sanctions agreed at the United Nations.

A cryptic report by South Korean news agency Yonhap said the South’s envoys also delivered a ”special message” to Trump from Kim during their US trip, but did not elaborate on what was said.

The UN Security Council has imposed tough economic sanctions aimed at choking off revenue to Pyongyang’s military programs after Kim’s regime carried out a sixth nuclear test and advanced missile launches.

China and Russia argue that sanctions alone will not push North Korea to change course and have repeatedly called for stepping up diplomatic efforts to achieve a solution.

The summit announcement triggered a rise in global stock markets while world leaders voiced hope the meeting would deflate tensions that had been building dramatically in recent months.

 
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